Sexually Transmitted diseases, STDs
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, STDs, is any medical condition or infections that is commonly spread through sexual intercourse. Unprotected sex is however the high risks responsible for the transmission of the disease.
What pathogens are responsible for causing STDs?
Pathogens responsible for STDs includes,
- Bacteria : chlamydia, gonorrhea, syphilis, etc
- Virus : herpes, HIV/AIDS, etc
- Parasites: trichomoniasis, scabies, lice, etc
- Fungus: candida/ yeast infection
Sexual activities including penile-vagina intercourse anal or oral sex, are medium through which STD’s are contracted. During intercourse or oral sex fluid and blood exchange between sexual partners can aid the bacteria, virus and fungus to get to the other partner(s).
How can one get STDs?
As the name says, the only way you can be infected is through sexual intercourse. However some few can be transmitted through birth, body contact with the infected person and sharing of some personal stuffs.
Sexual activities including penile-vagina intercourse, anal and oral sex, are medium through which STD’s are contracted. During intercourse, anal or oral sex fluid and blood exchange between sexual partners can aid the bacteria, virus and fungus to get to the other partner(s).
Are condoms the only method for protection against STDs?
Science and medicine has proved that when condoms are used correctly, it can prevent STDs from spreading among sexual active partners by 99%. This however shows that the only best and save method to protect you and your partner(s) from contracting the disease is the use of condoms. And i will usually refers to that as “condoms on condoms”.
During sexual intercourse. Barrier contraceptives is the male latex and polyurethane condoms and the female condoms. Condoms are the best known method for preventing yourself and your partner from contracting sexually transmitted diseases.
Are there other types of sexually transmitted Diseases yet to be discovered?
Although science and medicine has come way far on STD’s, its has been reported that new cases of the disease keep rising from time to time. which means that, new cases of sexually transmitted diseases are been found among patients till date. this shows that’s there is never going to be an end to discovering new rising cases of sexually transmitted diseases.
Who suffer most from sexually transmitted diseases
Study shows that, women have a higher percentage of contracting the disease and developing contradictions than men. The study also shows that, women took a longer time to recover from the infection than men do. Some forms and types of sexually transmitted diseases in women will show no sign or symptoms at an early state, which implies that they can spread the disease even without knowing.
Frequent health screening is needed to detects any asymptomatic infection in your body. STDs are usually caused by disease causing pathogen including bacteria, virus, parasites and fungus. STDs are usually transmitted through direct contact with an infected person through body fluids like, mucus, blood and saliva.
List of Some most common STDs in women includes
- genital warts
- genital herpes
- Hepatitis B
- HPV -human papillomavirus
Symptoms of various Sexually Transmitted Diseases in women
Chlamydia is the most common type of sexually transmitted diseases. It can however causes damage to a woman’s reproductive system and cause serious medical complications like bareness or stillbirths.
Chlamydia is asymptomatic type sexually transmitted disease, thus in the early stages, when its contracted. Its likely to show no signs and symptoms. This type infection is caused by the bacteria Chlamydia trachomatis.
women who contract the infection may show the following symptoms;
- vaginal discharge with odor
- bleeding during and after sex
- pain or cramps in the abdomen
- bleeding between periods
- itching and burning around the vagina
- pain during urination
Gonorrhea is caused by the bacteria Neisseria gonorrhoeae. The bacteria infects the mucous membranes of the reproductive tract including the cervix, uterus and Fallopian tube in women.
Gonorrhea patients may show the following symptoms;
- yellowish or greenish vagina discharge
- pain and burning when urinating
- abnormal bleeding
- pains in the lower abdomen
- frequent urination
Genital warts are a commonly transmitted diseases. It is called by a virus called human papilloma virus(HPV). The virus can be contracted through directed contact with an infected person through vaginal, oral and anal sex. genital warts may clear on its own with or without any treatment. They may take about one to two years to clear up completely from a patient.
symptoms of genital warts in women may include the following
- Itching and bleeding from the vagina and anus
- flesh-colored growth on the vagina, anus and inner thighs
- irregular urination
- flesh like growth may occur in your internal organs
Genital herpes is another common STDs caused by the herpes simplex virus (HSV). HSV is however categorizes into two types, namely HSV-1 and HSV-2. It is medically reported that the herpes simplex virus -1 can be passed on from the infected person to uninfected person through the saliva.
It is however, one common STDs transmitted through oral sex. kissing can however aids the transmission. HSV-1 acquired through the mouth can later makes its way in to the body. genital herpes is incurable and can only be managed by anti-herpes drugs.
patients with genital herpes are likely to show the following symptoms;
- itching and burning in vagina or anal area
- abnormal vaginal discharge
- sores in the mouth, on tongue and vulva
- painful blisters on the tongue and vulva
- swollen glands
- fever and headache
- pain in the leg,buttocks or vagina
- pain and burning when urinating
Syphilis is a bacterial infection spread mostly by sexual contact. Syphilis will normally break out as a painless sores around the genitals. Although syphilis is mostly spread through penetrative sex, coming into close contact with the infected sores is enough to transmit the infection. These sores are known as chancres. Chancres can however occur on the vagina, anus, rectum, lips or mouth and in men on the penis.
Is syphilis that dangerous?
Untreated syphilis can result in the bacterial invading many different organs in the body which includes the brain and the nervous system, the heart and the blood vessels. Examples includes, brain, nerves, eyes, heart, blood vessels, liver, bones and joints. This stage of syphilis is known as tertiary syphilis and can occur 10-30 years at the time of infection.
women with early stage syphilis may have the following symptoms;
- painless sores
- hair loss
- sore throat and swollen nodes
- muscle aches
- a white green or yellow discharge from the vagina
- Note: syphilis can clear away even without treatments but will back in about years with mild symptoms and complications.
Trichomoniasis is a type of sexually transmitted disease that is caused by the parasite, Trichomonas vaginalis. Most trichomoniasis cases in women is noticed by a foul-smelling vagina discharge.
possible symptoms of trichomoniasis in women includes;
- abnormal vaginal discharge- can be thick, frothy and have green or yellow color
- fishy vaginal discharge
- discomfort when urinating
- itching and burning on genitals
- redness and soreness on the vagina
HIV is a virus that damages the cells in your body. Its usually attacks the immune system rendering it susceptible to other diseases. Its damages your body’s ability to fight infections. HIV is however a sexually transmitted disease that can be transmitted through anal or vaginal sex but not limited to sexual activities. The virus can be spread through other medium like birth, sharing needles, syringes etc.
AIDS(acquired immune deficiency syndrome) is caused by HIV. AIDS is however the term use to describe the numerous infections and diseases that has finally invade your body.
Symptoms of HIV may includes;
- unexpected weight loss
- sore throats and painful mouth ulcers
- rashes on the skin
- night sweats
Hepatitis B is however more easily to spread faster than any other type STD. this disease affects the liver. Hepatitis B can be transmitted through blood and body fluids like semen, saliva and vagina secretions. The disease can be spread through anal, oral and vaginal intercourse. Hepatitis is a viral disease caused by the virus hepatitis B virus (HBV).
Hepatitis B infection may cause the following symptoms in women;
- loss of appetite
- nausea and vomiting
- weakness and fatigue
- muscle and joints pain
- dark urine
- abdominal cramps
- jaundice (yellow skin and white eyes)
Treatments are usually best done health professionals. There should a test showing clearly that you have the disease before treatment can be done. Not all STDs is curable. This means that whiles some can be treated with medications, some are only managed by medications. Your doctor and health professional will be able to detect and treat all sexually transmitted disease cases.
The use of condom is best known method or preventing you and your partner from spreading sexually transmitted diseases. Always practice sex. Keep in mind that not all STDs can be prevented by condoms, however knowing the status of your partner can help with some type infections.
The rate at which patients diagnose of sexually transmitted infections are very alarming. If you’re a sexual active person, protection should be your best option however, knowing your partner’s status can help. Report any symptoms of STDs to your doctor and require a laboratory test if you had unprotected sex with someone you’re unsure of their status
The various types, diagnosis, symptoms and treatments for all sexually transmitted diseases cannot be contained in the scope of this article and must not be used in place of medically proven reports. You always report any case of medical conditions to your doctor for best diagnosis and treatment.
Information provided here are for educational purpose only and must not be substitute for professional medical advice. Always consult your doctor or healthcare provider if you are seeking medical advice, diagnosis and treatment. Monuji does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.